AGFACE research concludes

Following 11 years of field trial research to better understand and provide solutions to future challenges facing the grains industry under climate change elevated CO , the AGFACE program has concluded.

The Australian Grains Free Air Carbon dioxide Enrichment (AGFACE) facility in the dryland wheat belt near Horsham, Victoria, closed it's doors in May 2018. For just over a decade, researchers investigated the impacts of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) on wheat, pulse and oil seed crop production by elevating CO2 levels around field crops.

Findings from the first seven years of research focused on yield, grain quality and disease responses to elevated CO2 (eCO2). Following teh first phase, the research team, led by Glenn Fitzgerald (DEDJTR) and Michael Tausz (UM), then concentrated on increasing understanding of eCO2 impacts on water and nitrogen resource use and grain yield and quality, so that  growers might capitalise on the ‘CO2 fertilisation effect’ without the negative impacts on grain protein and micronutrients.

AGFACE key findings include:

AGFACE was a joint project of Agriculture Victoria and the University of Melbourne, with funding support from the Grains Research and Development Corporation, the federal Department of Agriculture and Water Resources and the Australian Research Council.

Results from research carried out as part of the AGFACE projects are available at